Chair: Jonathan Hu
Secretary: Jiyoon Moon
The Sixth Committee (Legal) is the primary forum for the consideration of legal questions in the General Assembly. All of the United Nations Member States are entitled to representation on the Sixth Committee as one of the main committees of the General Assembly.
1. Legality of Israeli Settlements in the West BankRooted in an extensive history of controversy, violence, and complexity, the Israel-Palestine conflict is older than daddy United Nations itself. Even with multiple attempts at peace such as the Camp David and Oslo Accords, as well as numerous UN resolutions, antagonism between Israel and Palestine persists in the status quo. With the aftermath of the Arab Israeli War, Six Days War, and the First and Second Intifada leaving nothing but numerous casualties in the West Bank, the obligation to establish a legal framework within the area remain paramount towards a peaceful future. The UN, as well as Palestinian leaders, accuse Israel of violating the human rights of Palestinians with Israeli occupations to Israel’s refusal to recognize the right to reply of Palestinian refugees. However, various Palestinian groups have refused to recognize Israel’s right to exist, lobbying missiles and attacks on Israel, resulting in frantic military operations by Israel in order to preserve its national security. With the answer to “who is right?” remains in the air, it is up to delegates to draw a clear line of admissible behavior while considering key issues such as border disputes, the right to return, security and terrorism, and the legitimacy of Hamas as a government. It is imperative for the UN and the international community to act and help both sides find long-term solvency and end this prolonged and violent conflict.
2. Build a Baby
Science has made tremendous strides in the past couple of centuries, bringing society everything from advanced medicine to nerfed manifestations of technology. Within all these wonderful technological advances include genetic manipulation of the human embryo, as mankind has garnered the ability to alter the genetic makeup of an embryo to either employ “favorable” characteristics or do away with “unfavorable” ones. Controlling the human embryo has become a popular method in recent years, especially with people who carry an offspring with a potential risk of inheriting genetic diseases such as autism or cystic fibrosis, as early detection and action produce infants that can enjoy a smoother life. However ethical questions arise with a phenomenon of this magnitude, as many officials argue the abuse of the treatment to meet specific needs such as a certain height, eye color, or the ability to “run faster” or “jump higher” conflicts with the natural order of life. Delegates must determine the constitutionality of the genetic manipulation of human embryos and establish legal parameters for such treatment in an initiative to providing a positive and moral outlook for the next generation.
3. International Maritime Laws
Maritime law is a system of legal rules governing ships and shipping. More specifically, maritime law is regarded as a domain of law stemming from the practices of the admiralty courts aim to regulate and settle all legal issues arising from sea navigation and commerce. Maritime law deals with a broad spectrum of matters due to its peculiar legal nature. The sea and its resources must be protected and it is up to delegates to construct and review laws that protect these bodies of water.